Marine Corps Lt. Col. Amy McGrath

In recognition of Women’s History Month and International Women’s day, The Purple Heart Foundation is featuring amazing women veteran’s accomplishments today and throughout history. Throughout history, women’s voices have been unheard. Today’s featured female veteran decided to raise her voice for what she was passionate about, and she’s been doing so since she was only 12 yrs old.

At 12yrs old, most kids don’t actually know what they want to be when they grow up. But a young Kentucky girl knew exactly what was in store for her future. Amy McGrath had a passion for fighter jets, a passion that she would pursue, even in the face of adversity, according to her biography. The obstacle Amy faced in her youth was the U.S. law prohibiting women from serving in combat roles. So from a young age, Amy took it upon herself to encourage change. Amy wrote to her local congressmen, but they paid no heed to her advocacy to remove this restriction on women in the military. So, Amy reached out to the Congressional Armed Services Committees, hoping to find like-minded individuals that believed in her cause and had the political power and position to make a difference. She received positive feedback but it wasn’t until 1997 when the law was lifted during Bill Clinton’s 1st year of re-election. This lead to Amy’s acceptance at the US Naval Academy where she would play varsity for the 1st Navy Women’s Soccer Team, graduate as a Second Lieutenant in the Marine Corps with a Bachelor’s in Political Science, and commision right out of flight school as an F/A-18D Hornet Weapons Systems Officer stationed in CA.

Thanks to her advocacy in her youth, Lt. Col. Amy McGrath became the 1st woman to fly an F-18 in combat! Throughout her 20 yr military career, Amy McGrath (call sign “Krusty”) flew approx. 2,000 flight hours, flying 89 combat missions between 2 tours in Afghanistan and 1 in Iraq. She earned medals for Meritorious Service, Navy/Marine Corps Commendation, Navy Achievement, 2 Afghan Campaigns and 1 Iraqi Campaign as well as 8 Strike Flight Air Medals and a Presidential Unit Citation.

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Amy later spent some time in the political arena working for the Marine Corps Fellow program at Capitol Hill as a defense and policy affairs advisor to Rep. Susan Davis and as a Marine Corps liaison at the Pentagon. Amy McGrath stated in an interview with Ella Nilsen that her “last assignment was teaching at the US Naval Academy…teaching them government and teaching them elections. Trying to explain to them they are representing a country that is a democracy, led by people of integrity and courage”, but she thought about the 2016 elections and that “it’s no secret that we have been divided as a nation, that our politics are polarized”. This realization lead to Amy’s most recent career change. In 2017, after 20yrs of service, Amy McGrath retired from the Marine Corps but continues her public service to this country by running for political office as the Democratic candidate for Kentucky’s 6th District congressional seat! The seat is currently occupied by Republican, Andy Barr, but Amy believes she has the upperhand during this election because “when you have a fresh face, somebody who’s not steeped in longstanding politics, someone who doesn’t have the baggage of internal politics…those things are a real advantage”. Amy’s campaign video proved people are looking for change by raising $200,000 within 36 hrs of being aired and over $800,000 in total campaign contributions, according to Ella Nilsen’s interview with McGrath. Amy plans to be the change maker the people are asking for.

This female veteran has made great strides for women, for the military, for the state of Kentucky and for her country. We at The Purple Heart Foundation applaud Amy’s efforts and other women like Amy McGrath who lead their life to create a better tomorrow for all of us. Amy’s voice helped make flying in combat possible for herself and all the women that have come after her. So remember the words of former President Barack Obama, “One voice can change a room, and if one voice can change a room, then it can change a city… a state…a nation…the world. Your voice can change the world” so let your voice be heard.

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This photo of Amy McGrath’s billboard advertisement was found tweeted by Amy McGrath on the official Amy McGrath Twitter account on Feb. 21, 2018.   

Amazing Grace

As you may known, March is the month to celebrate and recognize women’s history. The Purple Heart Foundation wanted to take this month to honor some important women veterans and their honorable service throughout our country’s history.

Grace Brewster Murray, better known as Grace Hopper (after marriage) was born in December of 1906 in New York City. She attended Vassar College, studying math and physics. Upon her graduation she attended Yale University, where she received her Masters in mathematics. She did not stop their, Grace continued her studies at Yale to receive a Ph.D. while also teaching at Vassar. In fact, in 1934 she was one of the first woman to receive her Ph.D.

Though she had a successful career, Grace wanted to enlist in the United States Navy during the early part of World War II. Unfortunately she had been rejected. Grace was 34, which had been too old to enlist, additionally her weight and height ratio was also too low. The military also felt her job as a professor as Vassar College was valuable and she should remain in that position. That did not stop her. Grace took a leave of absence from Vassar College and was sworn into the United States Navy Reserve. She was commissioned as a lieutenant in 1944.

Grace’s assignment was at Harvard University to the Bureau of Ships Computation Project. She was one of the first three computer programmers, and was responsible for programming the Mark I. In later years she also helped to develop the Mark II and Mark III. Following the war, Grace was hoping to transfer to active duty, but was once again declined due to her age. Despite that, she remained serving as an officer in the Navy Reserve.


Who would have thought, at age 60 Grace would be recalled to active duty. She remained with the United States Navy for 19 more years. Grace retired in 1986 at age 79 as not only a Rear Admiral, but as the oldest serving officer in our military. Following her retirement, Grace was awarded the highest non-combat medal by the Department of Defense, the Defense Distinguished Service Medal.

During her lifespan, her talents and accomplishments led her to be awarded forty honorary degrees worldwide, from various universities. Grace was awarded the National Medal of Technology in 1991, making her the first female to receive that honor individually. The following year she past away, at the age of 85. You can visit her grave at the Arlington National Cemetery.

Her passing did not mark the end of her accomplishments and honors. In 1997 the United States Navy Arleigh Burke-class guided-missile destroyer was named USS Hopper in her honor. In 2016, President Barack Obama honored Grace posthumously with the Presidential Medal of Freedom.

It is thanks to hardworking and dedicated service members like Grace Hopper that we are free. Here at the Purple Heart Foundation, we are committed to honoring all of our heroes. It is our goal to make the transformation from the battlefield to the home front a smooth one for all of our men and women in uniform, Show your support by making a one-time or monthly pledge to ensure they continue to receive the support and benefits they deserve.

Colin Powell: A Man of Many Accomplishments

In honor of Black History Month, the Purple Heart Foundation wanted to highlight the incredible and honorable service of Colin Powell, a United States statesman and a retired Four-Star General in the United States Army. On April 5, 1937 in Harlem, New York, Colin Powell was born to two Jamaican immigrants. Growing up and attending high school in the Bronx, Powell did not really have any set plans for his future. Powell began his college career at City College of New York. He studied geology, still unsure of what he wanted to do in life, and where he saw himself. Little did he know, City College was actually where he would find his calling. Colin Powell joined City College’s Reserve Officers’ Training Corps (ROTC), where he quickly became his unit’s commander. This experience gave him the structure and life direction he had been missing, and it set him up to have an extremely successful and lengthy military career.


Colin Powell’s military career is one of great honor. He served in Vietnam, and during his first tour was awarded a Purple Heart, and later a Bronze Star. During his second tour of duty and despite injuries sustained during a helicopter crash, Powell was able to rescue fellow soldiers from the burning helicopter. This incident resulted in him becoming a recipient for the Soldier’s Medal. In fact, Powell has received 11 military decorations.

Powell went on to further his education, receiving an MBA at George Washington University. This brought him to a White House fellowship, and an assignment to Office of Management and Budget in 1972. The year after his fellowship, Colonel Powell served a tour of duty in Korea. He then landed a job a the Pentagon. Powell was later promoted to Brigadier General and commanded the 2nd Brigade of the 101st Airborne Division. Powell acted as an assistant to the Deputy Secretary of Defense and Secretary of Energy during the Carter Administration. He was once again promoted, this time to Major General. Additionally, Powell assisted Frank Carlucci at the Department of Defense during the time of the transition from the Carter Administration to the Reagan Administration. Later he served as Senior Military Aide to Secretary of Defense, Caspar Weinberger. Then, in 1987 Colin Powell became the National Security Adviser, and remained in that position until the end of the Reagan Administration.


As if all of this is not impressive enough, in 1989 President George H. W. Bush appointed General Colin Powell as Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff. Not only is this post the highest military position in the Department of Defense, Powell was also the first African-American officer to receive such distinction.

After Powell retired from the Army in 1993 his service did not stop. Only a short year later he joined with former President Jimmy Carter on a successful peacekeeping expedition to Haiti. It does not stop there, Powell then published an autobiography and went on to becoming a the chairman of a nonprofit organization. Then, in 2001, President George W. Bush appointed Colin Powell as the Secretary of State. At the time Powell was appointed to this position, this was the highest rank in civilian government that had ever been held by an African-American.

A young boy, once lost without plans for the future or an idea of life direction developed into a hero, leader and an inspiration. Colin Powell was not given any advances or special treatment as he began his military career, it was who he was. He was committed and passionate about our country and specifically his service to our country. It is men and women with those shared  qualities that serve this country and keep us safe. Here at the Purple Heart Foundation, we are committed to honoring all of our heroes. It is our goal to make the transformation from the battlefield to the home front a smooth one for all of our men and women in uniform, Show your support by making a one-time or monthly pledge to ensure they continue to receive the support and benefits they deserve.

Henry Johnson: The Story of an Unsung Hero

As you know, February is recognized as Black History Month. This is an opportunity to reflect on all of the brave African-American men and women throughout our country’s history. As the Purple Heart Foundation is a veteran service organization, we wanted to reflect on African-American military service throughout history. Specifically one man, Henry Johnson. Henry Johnson may not be a familiar name, but he courageously served this country and was a true hero.

Henry Johnson was born in July of 1892 in North Carolina, later moving to New York. On June 5, 1917, Johnson enlisted in the United States Military. He has originally joined the all-black New York National Guard (369th Infantry Regiment). He later served as a United States Army sergeant in the First African American Unit of the U.S. Army that engaged in combat during the first world war.

Prior to serving as a sergeant, Johnson and the 369th Infantry joined the 185th Infantry Brigade in France. Exactly one year following Johnson’s enlistment, the 185th Infantry Brigade he was with was assigned to the 93rd Infantry Division. Due to apparent racism and disinterest of the white U.S. soldiers, those who had made up the 369th were “loaned” out to the French Army. As Johnson continued to serve, his bravery was more than apparent.

While serving on sentry duty for his company in the Argonne Forest. He ended up fighting off a large German raiding party which was attempting to break through the line. Despite suffering 21 wounds, Johnson was able to kill 4 German soldiers, wound many others, and rescue a wounded comrade. Word of his courageous actions traveled quickly. The French government awarded Johnson the Croix de Guerre, which at the time was France’s high award for bravery. Henry Johnson was the first American to have received it. Following those events and the entirety of his service, Johnson has been referred to as one of the five bravest Americans to have served in World War I by Theodore Roosevelt, Jr.

Johnson in 1919, wearing his French Croix de Guerre. Note, too, the two wound chevrons on his lower right sleeve.

It’s extremely unfortunate that racism and mistreatment of African Americans were so prevalent during the time of Henry Johnson’s incredible service. There was an arduous struggle to achieve U.S. military decorations for Johnson. Interest in obtaining proper recognition for Johnson grew greatly after the fact. In November of 1992, a monument was erected in his honor in Albany, New York. Johnson was awarded the Purple Heart in June of 1996. A few years later, in 2003, Johnson was awarded the Distinguished Service Cross, the Army’s second highest award for valor. On May 14th of 2015, the White House announced that Sergeant Johnson would receive the Medal of Honor. Former President Barack Obama presented this medal, stating “The least we can do is to say, ‘We know who you are, we know what you did for us. We are forever grateful.

That is absolutely true. We remember who you are, Henry Johnson. We recognize the heroism and bravery that you embodied as you served this country. And, we are forever grateful for your service. It is thanks to the dedication of brave men and women, such as Henry Johnson, that we are free. Here at the Purple Heart Foundation, we are committed to honoring all of our heroes. It is our goal to make the transformation from the battlefield to the home front a smooth one for all of our men and women in uniform, Show your support by making a one-time or monthly pledge to ensure they continue to receive the support and benefits they deserve.

You Can Make a Difference In The New Year

Can you believe that we are almost one month into 2018 already? It may be a new year, but unfortunately as each new day passes our veterans continue to struggle with the same things. We expect the men and women who are willing to give everything for our country to return to a normal day-to-day life like nothing has changed for them. We send them into lengthy periods of training to prepare each of them to play a role in protecting our freedom. Training them and teaching them new ways of living. After boot camp, specialty schools, and years of service, these brave men and women then embark on a new journey into civilian life with no “how-to” guide.

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Imagine, every single day is structured and full of orders, down to the minute. You are told what to do and when to do it. You know the plan for each day and are expected to carry it out. Not only that, you have been trained to act, speak, and think in a specific manner. What happens when you are thrown back into a civilian life? A life that is no longer planned out for you. A way of life that you have been trained to unlearn. You have no experience with this, or if you do, it is no longer at the forefront of your thinking. Transitioning back to a “normal” civilian life is more difficult than one would imagine. You are suddenly faced with new challenges; medical, emotional, financial and many more Resources are not only limited, but they are difficult to understand and utilize.

Who are they supposed to turn to?

In combat, our military personnel count on their comrades to have their backs. When they return home and are faced with new challenges, the Purple Heart Foundation is here to offer a wide range of support and advocacy. Here at the Purple Heart Foundation, our efforts support programs that help all veterans recover and prosper. We have made it a priority to engage in research and assistance to combat the “unseen” wounds that our veterans face, whether that is Post Traumatic Stress, Traumatic Brain Injury, Suicide, or sexual abuse. Just because there is not an injury that visible, does not mean they are not suffering.

“In war, there are no unwounded soldiers” – Jose Narosky.

So, how exactly does the Purple Heart Foundation help all of our veterans recover and prosper? Our National Service Officer program assists by providing counsel, support, and advocacy. This program essentially exists to inform veterans about education opportunities, scholarships, disability compensation, employment training, hospitalization and rehabilitation benefits and pensions. This program helps our veterans to navigate through some of the bureaucracy and red tape that they, unfortunately, come to face when trying to process their claims receive their benefits. It is extremely personalized, each veteran is paired with a Service Officer who provides professional representation and will work and fight for the veteran’s best interests. Additionally, there is a full-time attorney here to represent and present veterans’ claims before the court. All of this is completely free for the brave men and women who served this country. It does not stop there. There is also the Military Order of the Purple Heart Scholarship Program which has been designed to provide financial support to Purple Heart Recipients and their families. This scholarship can assist in covering the costs that go hand in hand with higher education; tuition, books, room, and board, etc.

Soldier: Going Back to School

Now, this almost sounds too good to be true. But through all of the donations made to the Purple Heart Foundation, last year alone we helped over 19,000 veterans secure over $210 million in VA benefits. Additionally, during 2017 the MOPH Scholarship Committee awarded around $200,000 through a total of 90 scholarship checks.

Yes, we are extremely proud to have helped touch that many veterans’ lives with your contributions and support, but there is so much more we can do together. There are over 21.8 million veterans in the United States.

21.8 Million

Let that sink in. Each and every one of those 21.8 million veterans put this country and our freedoms before themselves, and each and everyone deserves our help and support. Together, we can help our veterans make the transition from the battlefield to the home front a smooth one. Each dollar donated can make a difference in the lives of the men and women who served our country. Show your support by making a one-time or monthly pledge to make sure they continue to receive the support and benefits that they deserve.

George Washington: “The Road to Glory in A Patriot Army and A Free Country Is Thus Open to All”

Following the start of the New Year, back in 1789, America held its first presidential election. Utilizing the same Electoral College system that we use today, George Washington was named our first president. Now, before George Washington became president he demonstrated his capabilities through a vast array of achievements.


George Washington’s military experience saw its beginning during the French and Indian war. His determination and great valor during the Battle of Monongahela won him the name, “Hero of Monongahela”; but, that was just the beginning. Washington’s previous military and leadership experience made him the clear choice to lead the Continental Army during the Revolutionary War. He was commissioned as the General and Commander-in-Chief as well. Washington led the Continental Army throughout the revolutionary war, though they faced tough battles and even lost some, he never gave in. His leadership led to defeat the British Army at the Battle of Yorktown. This was the last major land battle of the American Revolutionary War, which in turn forced the British to negotiation for an end to the conflict.

In addition to George Washington’s incredible military accomplishments, his unwavering leadership is what brought him to become our first president. A great example of Washington’s leadership was his creation of three new military badges, two Badges of Distinction and the badge of Military Merit. He wanted to celebrate and honor the service of his common soldiers. Previously only those of higher ranking or class could be honored. Washington believed that “the road to glory in a patriot army and a free country is thus open to all,” so he developed these new medals in order to honor his men.

The Badge of Military Merit. Washington insisted on praising the ambitions and strong actions he saw in his soldiers. His specific orders regarding this medal explained that “whenever any singularly meritorious action is performed, the author of it shall be permitted to wear on his facings over the left breast, the figure of a heart in purple cloth, or silk, edged with narrow lace or binding.” There are only three individuals known to have been awarded the Badge of Military Merit.  

Now, Washington did more than just honor those three men and open the door for regular soldiers to be honored with the creation of that medal. Without knowing, he created the precedence for the establishment of the Purple Heart Medal. Close to one hundred and fifty years later, the Army adopted the medal with the help of General Douglas MacArthur. On the two hundredth anniversary of George Washington’s birth, the Purple Heart was reborn.

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Thousands of brave servicemen and women have been awarded a Purple Heart since its rebirth. They, along with their fellow service members are heroes. Without their dedication to this country, we would be unable to have our day-to-day freedoms. Here at the Purple Heart Foundation, we are committed to honoring all of our heroes. It is our goal to make the transition from the battlefield to the home front a smooth one for all of our men and women in uniform who defend our freedom. Show your support by making a one-time or monthly pledge to make sure they continue to receive the support and benefits they deserve.

America’s Greatest Battle: The Battle of the Bulge

This is the time of year that most people look forward to: the treats, celebrations, family time, etc. Each person has obligations or events that come up that distract from the celebrations. Let’s take a look back: what was going on at this time back during World War II? In 1944 after the Allies had freed France and defeated Germany at Normandy, there was a widespread thought that World War II was nearing its end in Europe. Though it seemed as though that was the direction the war was going in, Adolf Hitler would not see it that way.

On December 16th of 1944, Hitler attempted to split the Allied Armies in Northwest Europe. This consisted of a surprise blitzkrieg attack through the Ardennes to Antwerp in Belgium, where American troops were stationed. This attack was Germany’s attempt to drive the Allies off of mainland Europe. Hitler wanted to hold nothing back, sending over a quarter of a million troops and about 1,000 tanks to split through the US (Allies) frontline. This battle became known as the Battle of the Bulge.

The American troops who were guarding this area were far less experienced than the men who were conducting this attack on them, and they were caught off guard and were unprepared. Additionally, there were many English speaking German soldiers, who acted as spies.Their job was to act, dress, and talk like the American soldiers in order to add to the confusion and chaos. Nonetheless, the American soldiers held their ground.

It was many small fights, and the persistence of the American troops, that ultimately led to their victory. One of the most famous of these small fights took place at Bastonge, Belgium. The 101st Airborne Division and the 10th Armored division, led by US General Anthony McAulifee were able to hold out long enough until more US troops were able to get there. Lieutenant General George S. Patton and the Third Army were able to successfully relieve Bastonge. This ultimately lead to the neutralization of the German attack, and begun a counteroffensive.

Following the victory, Winston Churchill stated, “This is undoubtedly the greatest American battle of the war” and that the Battle of the Bulge would “be regarded as an ever-famous American victory”.

The Battle of the Bulge was the last major German offensive campaign fought on the Western Front during World War II. It was also the largest battle, and lasted exactly one month. The Battle of the Bulge is often considered the greatest battle in American military history, despite it being the costliest battle ever fought by the U.S. Army, with over 100,000 casualties.

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While the rest of the world was celebrating the holiday season, and welcoming the new year, our country’s brave soldiers were fighting the greatest battle they have ever seen. Without the commitment resilience that those serving our country embody, we would be unable to have our day to day freedoms, and we would be unable to celebrate this time of year. Here at the Purple Heart Foundation, we are committed to honoring all of our heroes. It is our goal to make the transition from the battlefield to the home front a smooth one for all of our men and women in uniform who defend our freedom. Show your support by making a one-time or monthly pledge to make sure they continue to receive the support and benefits they deserve.

No More Silent Nights: Combating Veteran Suicide during the Holidays

The holiday season is in full swing. With reminders of hope, love, and friendship, it can be hard to spot that this season can also be filled with sadness. For our veterans, the holiday season can be difficult. Whether it be being away from families on deployment, or not having families to come home to, veterans all across our country battle with difficult thoughts, including suicide.

According to a study conducted in 2013, 30 in 100,000 service members and veterans were more likely to commit suicide versus 14 in 100,000 civilians during the holiday season. These statistics are sobering. Christopher Cadeau, a veteran and Arizona State University student, has a message that could help everyone to start the discussion on veteran suicide: “Just get out there and help someone. …  As long as you’re helping someone, you’re on the right track.”

Cadeau’s words do ring true. While it may be difficult to squeeze in time in your schedule this holiday season to help someone in need, something as quick as a phone call or text message saying that you’re thinking of a person in need can make a difference. Some other ways you can help during the holiday season include:

  • Adopting a Veteran-you can check with local VA homes to see if there are any veterans that do not have family nearby and take them in to celebrate the holidays with your loved ones.
  • Volunteer with veterans organizations, local schools, and other groups to hold events to bring together veterans to make them feel like they are part of something.
  • Finding transportation for a veteran for their appointments or getting them help with housing could help ease troubled thoughts during this season.

The main thing that you can do during this season is letting a veteran know that you care. Whether it be by volunteering to help them with something around the house or just having a quick phone conversation to hear about their day, connecting with a service member who is feeling suicidal can help make the difference.

For resources about how to handle Post-Traumatic Stress that could be contributing to suicidal thoughts, please click here. If you or someone you know is battling suicidal thoughts this holiday season, know that you are not alone. The National Suicide Prevention Hotline is also a resource. Their staff works 24/7 to help those who are struggling with suicidal thoughts. You or your loved one can call 1-800-273-8255 and press option 1 to speak with someone.

The holidays can be hard for our active-duty military and veterans, but we can help ease the struggles that they face. The men and women who keep our country and freedoms protected deserve that, and deserve our help and support. The Purple Heart Foundation is committed to helping every single man and woman who has served our country. It is our mission to help make the transition from the battlefield to the home front a smooth one. You can show your support for these brave men and women by making a one-time or monthly pledge to ensure that ALL of our veterans are able to get the support that they need and deserve.

Always Ready, Always There: Happy Birthday, United States National Guard

December 13th marked the 381st birthday of our United States National Guard. Since 1636, they have been the reserve force of our nation’s military. Originally, the militia forces of the United States started off in what is now present-day Salem Massachusetts in September 1565. From there the militia continued to be a staple of American life once English Settlers made the journey to the New World. From then on to the early 1900s, there was only a small Army and state militias. It wasn’t until the passage of the Dick Act in 1903 that the first reserve force was created.

According to the Dick Act, states were required to have their militias split into two sections: one being the “National Guard” as the organized militia and the “Reserve Militia” for the others. World War II brought about the National Defense Act of 1916, which required the term “National Guard” to be used for state militias.

Spc. Jason Curtis, Charlie Company, 1st Battalion, 151st Infantry Regiment, pulls security while leaders of a medical civil action project searched for a suitable site in Parun, Afghanistan June 28.

Currently, the National Guard serves as the first line of defense here in America, with each of the 50 states, three territories, and the District of Columbia each having their own state National Guard. Those who are members of the National Guard are required to adhere to the same standards as their counterparts in Active Duty and the respective branches’ Reserves. Reservists and Guardsmen can have careers concurrent with their military service and serve on a part-time basis. Only the Air Force and Army can have National Guard components and  Reservists are part of all branches of the military.

While most news about the National Guard comes out when there is a natural disaster or other crisis, it is no less important than the other parts of our nation’s military. They train alongside our active-duty military and serve our country alongside them. Some facts you may not know about the National Guard include:

  • American Samoa is the only US territory to not have a National Guard unit.
  • During the American Revolution, National Guard units were called Minutemen due to being able to respond quickly.
  • The National Guard has the second highest membership of all the branches, with the US Army having the most members, including enlisted, officers, and the Reserves.
  • The 54th Massachusetts Volunteers was formed by the National Guard and is credited as one of the first all African-American units in US military history. The unit is still active today and William Harvey Carney was the part of the unit and the first African-American to receive a Medal of Honor.

Some prominent Americans served our country in the National Guard. They include:

  • Presidents Harry S. Truman and George W. Bush. They were part of the National Guard in its current structure.
  • Actor Tom Selleck. He joined the California National Guard in 1967 after receiving Vietnam draft orders. He served in the 160th infantry regiment until 1973.
  • John Amos. Before being on “The Mary Tyler Moore Show” and “Good Times,” Amos was a part of the 50th Armored division in the New Jersey National Guard, as well as an honorary Master Chief of the US Coast Guard.

While the National Guard may not be as prominent as the major branches of the military, they are an integral part of keeping our country safe. The men and women of the National Guard drop whatever they are doing when duty calls and we salute them for their service to our great nation. Here at the Purple Heart Foundation, we are committed to honoring all of our heroes. It is our goal to make the transition from the battlefield to the home front a smooth one for all of our men and women in uniform who defend our freedom. Show your support by making a one-time or monthly pledge to make sure they continue to receive the support and benefits they deserve.

Seventy-Six Years Later: A Day That Lives in Infamy

At 7:48 in the morning on December 7th, 1941, The United States naval base at Pearl Harbor was surprise attacked by the Imperial Japanese Navy Air Service. This attack was what ultimately led to the United States’ entry into World War II.

Imagine the chaos that occurred during that early morning attack seventy-six years ago. 353 Imperial Japanese aircrafts attacked our naval base. Those aircrafts ranged from fighters, level, and dive bombers as well as torpedo bombers. These attacks were intended to act as a preventive action. Japan hoped to keep the United States’ Pacific Fleet from interfering with the military actions they had planned in Southeast Asia against various overseas territories of the United Kingdom, United States, and the Netherlands.

Through the two waves of attacks, the destruction of the United States Navy was significant. All eight of the U.S. Navy battleships were damaged and four were sunk. Three cruisers, three destroyers, a minelayer, and an anti-aircraft training ship were either damaged or sunk. There were 188 U.S. aircrafts destroyed and over three hundred damaged. Dry docks and airfields were also destroyed. But, the more terrible losses of all were the 1,178 Americans left injured and the 2,403 that were killed. Thankfully our Navy was able to rebound quicker than expected, as the attack has left the base’s more significant and important onshore facilities unscathed.

This devastating attack was a complete and utter shock to our country and our people, as it came without any explicit warning and without a declaration of war from Japan, and Franklin D. Roosevelt did not hesitate to respond to what he called “a date which will live in infamy”. The next day FDR led the United States in declaring war on Japan and proceeded to declare war on both Germany and Italy within a few days.

FDR declared “No matter how long it may take us to overcome this premeditated invasion, the American people in their righteous might will win through to absolute victory. I believe I interpret the will of the Congress and of the people when I assert that we will not only defend ourselves to the uttermost, but will make very certain that this form of treachery shall never endanger us again.”

In the aftermath of the attack, the heroic servicemen who had distinguished themselves during the combat that took place at Pearl Harbor were awarded the following:


  • 15 Medals of Honor,
  • 51 Navy Crosses,
  • 53 Silver Stars,
  • 4 Navy and Marine Corps Medal,
  • 1 Distinguished Flying Cross,
  • 4 Distinguished Service Crosses,
  • 1 Distinguished Service Medal
  • 3 Bronze Star Medals

Much later, the United States Congress actually authorized a special military award, the Pearl Harbor Commemorative Medal, for all of our military veterans of the attack.

The attack on Pearl Harbor was a devastating day in our country’s history. It led us to enter into another World War, resulting in the loss of thousands of brave servicemembers. On this melancholy 76th anniversary, and every day we remember the extreme sacrifices that the courageous men and women who fight for our country make. Here at the Purple Heart Foundation, we are committed to honoring all of our heroes. It is our goal to make the transition from the battlefield to the home front a smooth one for all of our men and women in uniform who defend our freedom. Show your support by making a one-time or monthly pledge to make sure they continue to receive the support and benefits they deserve.